If we talk about the 10 Best Novels in Urdu of all time, then the first novel in it is ‘Marat al-Aros’ by Deputy Nazir Ahmed, which was written in 1869. Although most of our critics refrain from including it in the novel genre and consider Ratnath Sarsar’s novel ‘Fasana Azad’ as the first novel, in which Sarsar has shown a vivid reflection of the Lucknow society.
The best pakistani novels in urdu series of historical novels of Abdul Halim Sharar begins. Allama Rashid Al-Khairy also wrote reformist novels. Mirza Hadi Raswa’s masterpiece ‘Amra Ujaan Ada’ is said to be the first complete novel in Urdu literature, which describes the internal and psychological layers of man along with a coherent plot. After ‘Rusava’, Premchand wrote 10 Best Novels in Urdu. In which ‘Beyaw’, ‘Bazaar-e-Hasan’ and ‘Midan-e-Amal’ became famous. Then Sajjad Zaheer, Qazi Abdul Ghaffar, Krishan Chandra, Aziz Ahmed, Ismat Chaghatai etc. famous novelists have passed.
On January 14, when the best novels from world literature were introduced, comments and inbox were criticized and requested that not a single pakistani novels in urdu literature was given enough credit to be included in the list of world literature. Literature should mean novels written in foreign languages. A best pakistani urdu novels list is presented at the request of friends. It should be noted that while compiling the list, Akhr has taken into consideration his choice more than the opinions of the critics, so it is not absolutely necessary for all of you to agree on the novels presented 10 Best Novels in Urdu list.
10 Best Novels in Urdu Worth Your Time Must You Read
Fasana-e-Azad Novel by Ratan Nath Dhar Sarsha
Although it lacked a real plot and its volume hindered its popularity, the same critics did not share the same opinion about the masterpieces of Russian literature, War and Peace and The Brothers Kramozov, even though the technique of both novels, fiction is similar to Fasana e Azad has richly depicted Lucknow culture. Fasana Azad’s comic character Khoji can be considered as one of the few best comic characters in Urdu literature.
Umrao Jaan Ada novel by Mirza Hadi Raswa
This masterpiece of Mirza Hadi Raswa deserves to be read again and again. Aap Baiti is a story of a prostitute of Lucknow, in which you are shown the social and cultural highlights of 19th century Lucknow in a very charming way. Umrao Jaan Ada was published in 1899.
Gaudan Novel by Munshi Premchand
This novel by Munshi Premchand was published in 1936. It is considered to be the best novel of Premchand. The novel covers the miserable life of downtrodden farmers in India. Premchand has very boldly drawn a map of the state atrocities meted out to the peasants. Gau Dan was first written in Devanagari script, then Iqbal Bahadur Verma Sahir adapted it into Urdu language.
River of Fire Novel by Qarat-ul-Ain Haider’s
After reading it, one realizes why it is called the greatest novel in Urdu language. The famous novelist, Qarat-ul-Ain Haider’s Aag Ka Darya, when it came out in 1957, caused a few unending controversies. An objection raised by some critics is that River of Fire is derived from Virginia Woolf’s autobiographical novel Orlando.
The story told in this novel spans 300 years. Qaraatul Ain Haider was also harassed because of this novel. 2500 years history of the subcontinent has been told in Aag Ka Darya. The novel covers the four eras of the subcontinent, classical, medieval, colonial and modern, through the four characters Gautam, Champa, Kamal and Cyril.
Udaas Naslain Novel by Abdullah Hussain
Abdullah Hussain’s novel that made him one of the great novelists. Qaraat-ul-Ain Haider had accused the novel of plagiarism and quoted up to page number that Abdullah Hussain had stolen style and paragraphs from his novel Aag Ka Darya. But despite these accusations, Sad Generations can be said to be one of the best novels written after independence. Rural life in a village between Delhi and Punjab, inhabited by Hindus, Muslims and Sikhs, is vividly depicted. With the death of Abdullah Hussain, this novel once again reached the heights of popularity and its 2 editions were sold hand to hand.
Khuda Ki Basti Novel By Shaukat Siddiqui
If this novel of Shaukat Siddiqui is said to be the most popular and selling novel of Urdu literature, it will not be wrong. Over 55 editions of Khuda ki Basti have been published so far and it has been translated into 20 languages of the world. Khuda ki Basti shows the Karachi of the 50s in which the poor people of Karachi, elites and politicians race for survival and greed. Pakistan Television also made a drama based on this novel, which set many records of popularity.
Kai Chand Thay Sar-e Asman Novel By Shamsur Rehman
After Aag Ka Darya, if any novel deserves to be called the best first novel in Urdu literature, it can undoubtedly be Shamsur Rehman Farooqui’s Kai Chand Thay Sar-e Asman. This masterpiece novel by Shamsur Rehman Farooqui begins in 18th century Rajputana and ends in Delhi’s Red Fort. The declining Islamic civilization of the subcontinent, the political intransigence of the British, are the subject of this novel. Shamsur Rehman Farooqi has brilliantly highlighted the decline of the Mughal Empire in the words of Wazir Khanum, the situation of Ghalib’s words in Urdu-Persian poetry, the helplessness of the Indians, and the oppression of the British.
The main character of Kai Chand Thay Sar-e Asman is Wazir Khanum who is the embodiment of Hasan. She has the ability to impress every powerful man with her refined personality, graceful manner and smooth manner of speaking. Wazir Khanum is described as the mother of famous poet Dagh Dehlvi in this novel. The role of Wazir Khanum can be described as the most timeless female role presented in Urdu literature. Shamsur Rehman Farooqi’s perfection in the language, narration and dialogues in this novel has no precedent in Urdu literature before or after it. It would be better if a reader does not consider himself a reader of Urdu literature without reading this novel, and to enjoy the language of this novel, it is necessary to read it regularly and twice.
Bahau Novel by Mustanasir Hussain Tarar
Mustanasir Hussain Tarar is famous as a travel writer and television host, but Bahau is his novel which holds a special place in Urdu fiction ever since its publication. Bahau describes the ancient civilization of the Indus River thousands of years ago, which perished after reaching its peak.
A small village on the banks of river Ghaghra and a few characters of this village are depicted in such a simple way that the reader is left dumbfounded. In an interview, Mustansar Hasan Tarr had said that he had researched for 12 years to write the Bahau. After reading the Bahau, Bano Qudsia commented that after this novel Tarar did not need to write anything more. This one novel is enough to keep him alive.
Dasht e Soos Novel by Jamila Hashmi
Dasht e Soos is my favorite novel. One reason is that I have read this novel recently and the other reason is that I am very impressed by the language presented in this novel. This famous historical novel by Jamila Hashmi came out in 1983. The novel is about the life of Baghdad dervish and Sufi Hussain bin Mansoor Hallaj, in which the obvious corners of his life have been exposed which have not come to us in the oral reading of historians. In the novel, the important political, social and religious events that took place in the Abbasid period of the 10th century have been described in a bold manner.
Ghulam Bagh Novel by Mirza Athar Beg
Hardly any other novel like Ghulam Bagh has been written in the last 3 decades. In the history of Urdu novel writing, figurative and abstract literature has been written sparsely. But Mirza Athar Beg Ghulam Bagh can be said to be the only novel in Urdu literature which contains many trends simultaneously in its plot.
Ghulam Bagh is symbolic, real, abstract and anti-novel. The main idea of the novel can be known from a sentence of its main character Kabir Mehdi ‘Time does not exist, it is merely an illusion’. Each character in this novel is an intellectual in his own right and each one has his own view of life which is completely different from the view of others.
Urdu literature, the novel written before Ghulam Bagh is full of tradition and homogeneity. Mirza Athar Beg’s characters in Ghulam Bagh and then the scenes in which these characters have been embodied, is an untouched experience in Urdu literature in its own way. Ghulam Bagh moves the plot through the self-talk of the characters more than through narration and dialogues. When fans of Urdu literature start reading this novel, they should mentally prepare themselves from the first page that they are going to read an untouched and unique novel.